“For AI to get to where chimpanzees are, two steps are needed. First, AI must be able to generate its own goals. The goals of today’s AI are designed by human programmers, who write so-called evaluation functions to calculate how well or poorly an algorithm is doing at any given time. The first piece of machine-made art that qualifies for category 4 will need to be able to write its own evaluation functions.”
Earlier this year I read a book with my son called “The One and Only Ivan” which is basically a story about this idea above. A gorilla (Ivan) is the main attraction in a sort of strip-mall zoo.
Ivan sometimes scribbles with crayons on paper to create “art” for the zoo owner to sell. Then, a new cell-mate moves into Ivan’s zoo, and Ivan starts to reflect on the impact that captivity and loneliness has on this new cell mate. He steps up his creativity and starts making art for a purpose.
Discussions about machine/human intelligence are fascinating, and a book like “Ivan” make philosophical discussions accessible to kids. Ditto for discussion about the nature or definition of art, especially because kids usually love making art and are very good at it. Talking about definitions of art with kids is an educational experience. Art is probably one of the first ways that kids learn to develop their own goals, and learn to adapt and build on the ideas of others. (“What are you going to draw?”)
FWIW, my definition of art hinges on two ideas. One is using a medium to express an idea which usually is difficult to express in language alone. And two is an expression that makes explicit its medium.
More: In This Corner of the World is a great movie for kids, also, it is not about war.